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陕西快乐十分胆拖价格:Earthquake swarms and slow slip on a sliver fault in the Mexican subduction zone
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We provide an interpretation for the interaction of crustal faults, clusters of earthquakes (swarms), and slow slip (a slower form of fault rupture) in southern Mexico. Our observations indicate that swarms and slow slip are occurring on a sliver fault in the overriding plate that allows the oblique plate convergence to be separated into a trench-perpendicular and -parallel motion on the subduction interface and sliver fault, respectively. We propose the sliver fault provides a natural pathway for buoyant fluids attempting to migrate upward after being released from the downgoing plate. Thus, sliver faults could be responsible for the downdip end of the seismogenic zone by creating drier conditions on the subduction interface trenchward of the sliver fault.
The Mexican subduction zone is an ideal location for studying subduction processes due to the short trench-to-coast distances that bring broad portions of the seismogenic and transition zones of the plate interface inland. Using a recently generated seismicity catalog from a local network in Oaxaca, we identified 20 swarms of earthquakes (M < 5) from 2006 to 2012. Swarms outline what appears to be a steeply dipping structure in the overriding plate, indicative of an origin other than the plate interface. This steeply dipping structure corresponds to the northern boundary of the Xolapa terrane. In addition, we observed an interesting characteristic of slow slip events (SSEs) where they showed a shift from trenchward motion toward an along-strike direction at coastal GPS sites. A majority of the swarms were found to correspond in time to the along-strike shift. We propose that swarms and SSEs are occurring on a sliver fault that allows the oblique convergence to be partitioned into trench-perpendicular motion on the subduction interface and trench-parallel motion on the sliver fault. The resistivity structure surrounding the sliver fault suggests that SSEs and swarms of earthquakes occur due to high fluid content in the fault zone. We propose that the sliver fault provides a natural pathway for buoyant fluids attempting to migrate upward after being released from the downgoing plate. Thus, sliver faults could be responsible for the downdip end of the seismogenic zone by creating drier conditions on the subduction interface trenchward of the sliver fault, promoting fast-slip seismogenic rupture behavior.
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Author contributions: M.R.B. and S.G.H. designed research; E.C.-C. and M.R.B. led data collection; S.L.F., M.R.B., S.G.H., S.E.G., and E.C.-C. performed research; S.L.F., M.R.B., S.G.H., and S.E.G. analyzed data; and S.L.F. and M.R.B. wrote the paper.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
This article is a PNAS Direct Submission.
This article contains supporting information online at www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1814205116/-/DCSupplemental.
Published under the PNAS license.