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快乐十分开奖结果:Feed-forward information and zero-lag synchronization in the sensory thalamocortical circuit are modulated during stimulus perception
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The direction of information flow between brain circuits may be key in cognitive functions. We addressed this problem by evaluating a directional correlation measure between simultaneously recorded neurons from somatosensory thalamus (ventral posterolateral nucleus, VPL) and somatosensory cortex (S1) sharing the same cutaneous receptive field while monkeys judged presence or absence of tactile stimuli. During stimulus presence, feed-forward (VPL → S1) information increased as a function of stimulus amplitude, while feed-back (S1 → VPL) information was unaffected. Simultaneously, zero-lag interaction emerged with increasing stimulus amplitude, contributing to thalamocortical synchronization. Furthermore, VPL → S1 information decreased during error trials. Also, both VPL → S1 and zero-lag interactions decreased when monkeys were not required to report stimulus presence. Thus, directional and coordinated information in the thalamocortical circuit is associated with stimulus perception.
The direction of functional information flow in the sensory thalamocortical circuit may play a role in stimulus perception, but, surprisingly, this process is poorly understood. We addressed this problem by evaluating a directional information measure between simultaneously recorded neurons from somatosensory thalamus (ventral posterolateral nucleus, VPL) and somatosensory cortex (S1) sharing the same cutaneous receptive field while monkeys judged the presence or absence of a tactile stimulus. During stimulus presence, feed-forward information (VPL → S1) increased as a function of the stimulus amplitude, while pure feed-back information (S1 → VPL) was unaffected. In parallel, zero-lag interaction emerged with increasing stimulus amplitude, reflecting externally driven thalamocortical synchronization during stimulus processing. Furthermore, VPL → S1 information decreased during error trials. Also, VPL → S1 and zero-lag interaction decreased when monkeys were not required to report the stimulus presence. These findings provide evidence that both the direction of information flow and the instant synchronization in the sensory thalamocortical circuit play a role in stimulus perception.
- behaving monkeys
- somatosensory thalamocortical circuit
- tactile detection task
- simultaneous single-unit recordings
- directed information-theoretic measure
- ?1To whom correspondence may be addressed. Email: or .
Author contributions: A.T.C. and R.R. designed research; Y.V., M.á., A.Z., and R.R. performed research; A.T.C. and R.R. contributed new reagents/analytic tools; A.T.C., R.R.-P., and G.D. analyzed data; and A.T.C., Y.V., R.R.-P., G.D., and R.R. wrote the paper.
Reviewers: S.G., Research Center Juelich; and S.P., Italian Institute of Technology.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
This article contains supporting information online at www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1819095116/-/DCSupplemental.
Published under the PNAS license.